The energy levels of the harmonic oscillator are
where . So, the difference in energy between adjacent levels is always . So I is correct. The potential energy is which is quadratic, not linear, in , so II is incorrect. The ground-state corresponds to , and it has energy . This is equal to the kinetic energy plus the potential energy. By the virial theorem, for this state, so the kinetic energy is not zero, and III is incorrect. The wavefunction of the ground state of the harmonic oscillator is where and are positive constants. So, there is a nonzero probability for the particle to be found at any . So, IV is correct. So, answer (C) is correct. |

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