Solution to 1986 Problem 8

The kinetic energy of the stone just before it hits the nail is
\begin{align*}\frac{1}{2} M v^2 = \frac{1}{2} \cdot 5 \cdot 10^2 \mbox{ J} = 250 \mbox{ J}\end{align*}
By the time the stone comes to rest, it has lost all of its kinetic energy. This means that the nail has done 250 \mbox{ J} of work on the stone.
\begin{align*}W = \int_{a}^{b} \mathbf{F} \cdot d \mathbf{l} = F_{\text{ave}} \cdot d = F_{\text{ave}} \cdot 0.025 \mbox{ m}\...
So, the answer is
\begin{align*}\frac{250 \mbox{ J}}{0.025 \mbox{ m}} = \boxed{10000 \mbox{ N}}\end{align*}
So, answer (D) is correct.

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